Osteoarthritis what is it?
Osteoarthritis is the most common chronic condition that affects our joints. A joint is a point in the body where 2 bones meet and work harmoniously in conjunction with muscles, tendons and ligaments to create and allow movement. Cartilage is what covers the interface between bones in a joint and is vital for joint health and smooth translation and movement of the joint. Osteoarthritis occurs when this cartilage starts to wear and bone growths called spurs develop, when this happens the joint can become painful.
What causes osteoarthritis and who suffers from it?
Osteoarthritis is a naturally occurring condition that is most seen in individuals between the ages of 55-70 years. Modifiable risk factors for developing osteoarthritis include obesity, inactivity, muscle weakness and injury.
How can you prevent and treat osteoarthritis?
The best way to prevent osteoarthritis is a healthy diet and regular exercise. If you are carrying extra weight, every extra pound places 3 pounds of pressure on your knees and 6 pounds of pressure on your hips which speeds up the wear and tear of the cartilage. Those that are already suffering from osteoarthritis an exercise program combining cardio-vascular, resistance and balance exercises can greatly decrease symptoms such as pain and reduce falls by 30% and fractures by 20%.
If you or someone you know suffers from osteoarthritis and would like help developing an appropriate exercise program call at 052 608 5262.