Osteoporosis is a condition that effects bone density which causes a higher susceptibility to fractures.  It most commonly affects post-menopausal women. It is recommended that all women aged over 65 have a bone density scan every 2 years.

Osteopenia is the condition before osteoporosis where the bone density is reduced but less significantly.  Osteopenia does not automatically become osteoporosis, especially when detected early and treated correctly.

Causes:

Throughout our lives our bodies naturally remove old bone tissue and deposits new ones, but after a certain age around 50 years, we lose bone tissue faster than we can replace it. These modifiable risk factors increase the chance of developing osteopenia or osteoporosis.

  • Long term, high dose steroidal use
  • Certain health conditions and medications
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Poor diet lacking necessary nutrients
  • Smoking
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Family history of osteoporosis

How can you help yourself?

If you have a family history or have been diagnosed with osteoporosis there are many things you can do to prevent and treat osteoporosis.

  • If you are post-menopausal with a family history of the condition, consult your doctor for early detection and medical advice.
  • Discuss with your doctor supplements that can help strengthen your bones.
  • Make sure to go outside and soak up some natural vitamin D.
  • Begin an exercise routine incorporating resistance and impact exercises. When we perform resistance exercises and our muscles are activated, the muscle pulls onto its bony origin or attachment which stimulates our bones to renew and strengthen themselves.
  • Meet with a dietician or nutritionist to develop a healthy nutrient filled diet.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Begin a one-on-one exercise routine with a trained physiotherapist or exercise physiologist to develop a Pilates or resistance exercise routine.

If you want advice on osteoporosis or would like to start an exercise routine to treat or prevent osteoporosis, feel free to call at 052 608 5262.

Ryan

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